Self-assessment for multiple sclerosis symptoms

Performing a multiple sclerosis (MS) self-assessment cannot diagnose the condition, but it can help a person understand their symptoms and know when to see a doctor. An MS self-assessment can include paying attention to energy levels, physical sensations, vision issues, and more.

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, progressive autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. The disease damages the myelin, which is a protective covering for nerves, resulting in damage and loss of neurons.

This can cause a range of symptoms including pain, depression, mobility problems, incontinence, sleep problems and sexual dysfunction.

Early detection and treatment of MS can slow down disease progression and improve overall outcomes. People can do a self-assessment to assess their symptoms at home. If they have some symptoms that suggest MS, they may want to contact a doctor.

Read more to learn how MS self-assessments work and how they can help with early detection and treatment.

People cannot diagnose themselves with MS. However, they may suspect they have MS based on certain symptoms.

Doctors diagnose MS based on a combination of symptoms and tests. So, providing a doctor with a comprehensive list of symptoms and descriptions of how they have changed over time can help give a person a quicker and more accurate diagnosis. They can do this by recording their symptoms.

Signs of MS to look out for contain:

  • Clinically isolated syndrome. A clinically isolated syndrome causes neurological symptoms that last 24 hours or more and then disappear. People may experience blurred vision, numbness, tingling, or weakness.
  • changes in energy levels. Fatigue is one of the most common MS symptoms and can occur early in the disease process.
  • Changes in physical sensations. MS often causes changes in physical sensations, such as numbness, tingling, weakness, or unexplained pain.
  • vision problems. Vision changes, ranging from blindness to blurred vision, often occur early in the disease. They can disappear or linger.
  • MS hug. One of most common Symptoms is the MS embrace. This is an embracing, toning sensation around the chest and abdomen.
  • changes in brain function. People with MS may experience brain fog, distraction, depression, or feeling like they are slowing down. You might have trouble with basic tasks.
  • Intestinal and bladder dysfunction. As MS progresses, some people develop incontinence of the bladder, bowel, or both. This ranges from minor urine leakage to a complete inability to control the bowel or bladder.
  • sexual dysfunction. A person may notice that they experience pain during sex, have trouble getting or staying aroused, have difficulty orgasming, or have changes in sexual sensations.
  • Symptoms change over time. MS symptoms change and evolve over time. They can disappear and recur, or one symptom or group of symptoms can be replaced by another group of symptoms.
  • Trouble walking or balance. A person may fall more often, feel unbalanced, or have trouble coordinating their movements. Some people experience weakness in their arms or legs.

If a person has multiple symptoms, they are more likely to have MS. Some symptoms are relatively common, so it doesn’t mean a person has the disease. For example, many people experience fatigue, but fewer often experience fatigue, vision problems, and deafness at the same time.

For many people with MS, the disease is begins with a clinically isolated syndrome. These are one or more unexplained neurological symptoms that last longer than 24 hours. However, in some people, symptoms can be subtle and appear gradually over time.

The nervous system coordinates most of the body’s activities, which means MS can affect many different functions. As a result, a variety of symptoms can occur.

Some of the most common Signs of MS are:

  • numbness, pain or tingling
  • Vision problems such as blurred vision, blurred vision, or floaters
  • weakness
  • Problems with walking or balance
  • Bladder or bowel incontinence
  • unexplained sexual dysfunction
  • mood swings
  • brain fog

MS symptoms in men

Some MS Symptoms including erectile dysfunction and ejaculation disorder, only affect men. While most MS symptoms occur in both men and women, certain symptoms are more common in men, particularly in the early stages.

Men are more likely to have early motor problems such as balance or walking difficulties. You have one too higher risk rapid disease progression in relapsing MS.

Learn more about MS symptoms in men.

MS symptoms in women

MS occurs more frequently in women than in men. women are too more likely than men have eye symptoms, including optic neuritis, that affect vision.

Because MS affects the nervous system, it can also affect sexual function. It can affect a person’s ability to get lubed, feel aroused, or have an orgasm.

In one Study 2018Women with MS had more irregular periods and more symptoms of premenstrual syndrome than women without MS.

Learn more about MS symptoms in women.

No single test can diagnose MS. Instead, doctors typically take a person’s medical history and run a variety of tests. including:

  • Tests to rule out other conditions, such as B. an X-ray to look for injuries
  • a neurological exam to look for symptoms and areas of potential neurological damage
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests to check for damage to the nervous system
  • a spinal tap to look for signs of MS in the cerebrospinal fluid

When a doctor suspects MS based on a person’s symptoms, they decide to run tests. They will also monitor changes in a person’s symptoms over time.

Current diagnostic criteria require that a person has MS symptoms and that at least two of the following are present:

  • Signs of the disease in a person’s cerebrospinal fluid
  • more than one lesion in the skull area
  • more than two lesions in the area of ​​the spine

above 85% of people with MS initially have a relapsing form of the disease. This means that their symptoms can improve and then worsen.

A person should contact a doctor if:

  • they have MS symptoms
  • You have other neurological symptoms and are unsure of the cause
  • Your symptoms worsen or do not respond to treatment
  • they have drug side effects
  • they have worsening neurological symptoms after a suspected but unconfirmed diagnosis of MS

MS can be scary, especially when a person worries about what the disease might mean for the future. However, many common conditions can cause MS-like symptoms, so just having a symptom doesn’t mean a person has the disease.

A person can do a self-assessment at home by rating their symptoms. If you have multiple signs of MS, you should see a doctor.

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